What I know about English used to be merely limited by numbers of vocabulary and clear-cut grammar skill. Initially, I start learning English officially since I was a first grader in Junior High School. English, in my sight, was just an interesting subject to be learnt. It was like we were trying to explore the new things across the boundary within. I came out of more interested decision to take major in English Department when I was in the third grader of senior high school. It was a kind of gambling, but I was sure that I can handle it off as well as making a good achievement for the sake of my own.
I definitely understand that English is a group of four major kinds of class-word. Those are Verb, Adjective, Adverb, and Noun. I had no clue whatsoever about differing between those kind of things as we do not add the Verb with ‘tobe’ (unless using in Continuous form ‘sedang’), whereas the latter three should be put with ‘tobe’. When I was studying English Syntax, I had just known that between Verb and Tobe had the same level of Verb, but in the other hand, Verb was classified as a lexical Verb, meanwhile ‘tobe’ was a non-lexical verb.
That I know about Verb, is consisting of infinitive, present participle and past participle, dealing with their own subject matter of tenses. But soon I realized that there are other classifications of defining the verbs, that are we call ‘action and stative verb’. According to web2.uvcs.uvic.ca, action verb is usually describe actions we can take, or things that happen, meanwhile, stative verb is more about referring to a state or condition which is not changing or likely to change. Often stative verbs are about liking or disliking something, or about a mental state.
Here, the problem appears to be complicated when we try to distinguish between adjective and stative verb. We sometimes are puzzled with defining the sentence structure, whether it is about omission or addition. We often insert the ‘tobe’ into the stative verb word such as instead of saying ‘I forget’, we would like to say ‘I am forget’, or omitting the ‘tobe’ in the sentence ‘I sick’ or ‘I late’, since those words belong to an adjective area. We got confused to understand why ‘forget’ and ‘like’ should be belonged to the ‘stative verb’, not merely adjectives.
But we actually had better not to be overwhelmed with the problem of why those words should be categorized into particular kinds of word, but it is obviously taken into some relevant explanation. http://www.writingcentre.uottawa.ca states that the adjective modifies a noun or a pronoun by describing, identifying, or quantifying words. An adjective usually precedes the noun or the pronoun which it modifies. Therefore, we can see the clear difference between adjective and stative verb.
Making mistakes, is only one way to more trigger us to get used to applying words correctly, by putting the correct words into the correct sentences. As Selinker (1992;150) in Caroline Mei Lin Ho’s Empowering English Teachers to Grapple with Errors in Grammar (iteslj.org/Techniques/Ho_Grammar_Errors.html) states that ‘Errors are indispensable to learners since the making of errors can be regarded as ‘a device the learner uses in order to learn’. Indeed, as Carter (1997;35) notes on that paper, ‘Knowing more about how grammar works is to understand more about how grammar is used and misused’.
Learning English through understanding the use of vocabulary is a lot of fun to do, by which making us eager to apply words and feel no hesitate to say it aloud. So do not be afraid of making mistakes.
1. Empowering English Teachers to Grapple with Errors in Grammar Caroline Mei Lin Ho
mlcho [at] nie.edu.sg Nanyang Technological University (Singapore)
2. What is an Adjective?
3. Stative and Dynamic Verb